С индийским спутником потеряна связь

福彩曝出黑幕

2018-06-24

“不需要我们提醒,在‘民族服饰日’头天晚上,孩子会准备好明天的服装,放在床头”,10月20日,家长朱莹高兴地说道:“有时候,我也会在回家乡时穿戴民族服饰。在服装的细节上,也有很多创新举措,比如:内置功能温度表、防滑腰里、功能耳机孔等,加之功能性面料的研収使用,让每件衣服都显得独具匠心。当下,一些年轻人为了美观,即使在很冷的天气也只穿着轻薄的衣物,对于这种做法,47.2%的受访者认为有碍健康,不应该为了美丽而选择“冻人”;20.5%的受访者认为虽然不利于健康,但是影响不大;20.5%的受访者感觉无所谓,是个人的选择;5.8%的受访者认为无可厚非,美观同样很重要;5.4%的受访者认为只要在室外时间不长,应该不会对健康造成很大危害。

AjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycan’tfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanization’sreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployees’rights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkers’innovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidents’basicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereform’sachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyu’sre-writefromCaiFang’sopinionarticlepublishedonPeople’sDaily.据预计,2017年投放总量可能接近2000万辆。”北青报记者按照管理员提供的支付宝账号,转账16元后,对方提醒称已“完成下单”。

休斯说:“据我所知,这是以往历史上没有发生过的事情——为中国学生编写的教科书将被一字一句翻译出来,销售给英国学校使用。  “续航里程400公里的产品是满足对里程和商务品质有需求的消费者,但300公里续航里程已经能够满足一般北京地区家用消费者的需求。  一是G20成员国应落实2016年G20杭州峰会成果,推动结构性改革、基础设施投资、国际税收合作等重点领域取得积极进展,增强G20机制的延续性和有效性。

以三级医院为例,急诊70元,普通门诊50元,主任医师80元,知名专家100元。对于违纪问题,安徽省教育招生考试院已启动问责处理程序,其他线索也在排查中。她的两个已成家的女儿马蒂(Matty)和凯特(Kitty)对钢管舞的兴致也很高,三人还经常聚在家中一起练习钢管舞。

  而据香港《南华早报》2月13日报道,中国第三艘航母将采用常规蒸汽弹射的起飞方式,会配备至少3部蒸汽弹射器,而非更为先进的电磁弹射器。China"saidtotheeducationsectorinAfricaishelpingboostteachertraining,akeycomponentinskillingthepopulationtofasttrackdevelopment,aUNofficialhassaid.AnnThereseNdong-Jatta,directorofUnitedNationsEducational,ScientificandCulturalOrganizationRegionalOfficeforEasternAfrica,inarecentinterviewrecognizedChina"scontributiontoAfrica"seducationsectorovertheyears."WevaluetheinitiativeinteachertraininginUgandaandothercountriesinAfrica.Thiswillrevitalizetheteachingprofession,"shesays.ChinathroughUNESCOdonatedequipmenttothreeteacher-traininginstitutionsinUgandaonMarch3.FiguresfromtheChineseembassyhereshowthat137tutorsweretrainedand272piecesofinformationcommunicationandtechnologyandstudioequipmentweredonated.Ndong-Jattasaystutorswereskilledonhowtointegratetechnologywithtraditionalmethodsoftraining.ChinathroughUNESCOisfundingan$8millionprojectaimedatnarrowingtheeducationalqualitygaponthecontinent.Theproject,EnhancingTeacherEducationforBridgingtheEducationQualityGapinAfrica,aimstoaccelerateprogresstowardtheachievementofEducationforAllandtheSustainableDevelopmentGoal4,whichisqualityeducation.Thefour-yearprojectthatstartedin2012focusedonprovidingasufficientnumberofqualifiedteachersinAfricathroughtrainingprograms.EightAfricancountries-Coted"Ivoire,Ethiopia,Namibia,DemocraticRepublicoftheCongo,Congo,Liberia,Tanzania,andUganda-arebenefitingfromtheprogram.Ndong-Jattasaysbesidescooperationinprimaryeducation,ChinahasbeencooperatingwithAfricatoboosthighereducation.ChinahelpedsetuptheCapacityBuildingInstituteofTeacherEducationinEthiopia,andtheregionaldirectorsayssomeAfricancountriesalsohadstudentandteacherexchangeprogramswithChina.ShesaysaconferencehasbeenscheduledinDjiboutitodiscusshowtoboostfurthercooperationwithChinaintheareaofhighereducation.深刻认识文物资源是培育社会主义核心价值观的重要源泉。

反对首尔市长的老人在造势  而市政厅广场一角的情景让人觉得有点伤感。2015年7月,时先生因急于归还债务,经朋友介绍向涌昇金融公司借贷10万元,并约好与该公司的人见面。“结婚有天价聘礼,丧事有绵延数公里的送葬队伍,动辄百桌的丰盛宴席,参加的宾客非但不用包礼金还能有百元大钞压桌的待遇,少则每人数百元,遇到‘爽快’的主人甚至可以领到数千元的红包。

同样的悲剧频繁上演,血的教训犹在眼前,类似一幕却又上演,不得不让人为后来者捏把汗。  产品升级迭代续航超300公里  面对补贴的减少,新能源车企也开始主动作出新的变化,例如北汽新能源、、腾势、长安等车企将相继推出迭代新车,特别是续航里程增加成为了新的卖点。  分区域看,东城、西城两区二手房均价均已突破10万元,分别为115342元/平方米和128047元/平方米;通州均价也已突破5万元关口,达到50968元/平方米;单价3万以下的行政区,仅有平谷、延庆和密云。

国际在线专稿:日前,特斯拉汽车公司总裁伊隆·马斯克(ElonMusk)关于“超级高铁”的梦想离现实又近了一步:据英国《每日邮报》3月21日报道,“超级铁路交通技术公司”(HTT,HyperloopTransportationTechnologies)表示,他们已经开始建造“超级高铁”的乘客舱,并预计将于明年年初完工。在这一时期两河流域南部的遗址中,目前尚未发现青金石贸易的证据。  对此,李杰认为,中国航母的发展在有些关键技术方面虽然取得了重大的突破,但要想达到工程化和实用化的程度,还需要大量的实验和磨合;如果从更稳妥的角度来考虑,我国第三艘航母有可能采用蒸汽弹射方式。

WhileChina"sbike-sharingmarketisboomingascompetitorsbattleitout,somecities"curbsidesarealreadyoverloadedwiththecolorfulselectionofbicycles,orworse,damagedonesthatnoonecanuse.BigData-Researchsaidsharedbicyclesserved19millionpeopleinChinabytheendoflastyear.OfoCEODaiWeitoldXinhuaNewsAgencythisMarchthatthecompany"s15millionusersin40citieshadcompleted200millionrides.Therelativelyhighusageratemakesasharedbicyclemorevulnerablethanaprivatebicycle,nottomentiondamagecausedbyvandalism.LiZhifu,arepairmanworkingforbike-sharingcompanyBluegogoinChengdu,Sichuanprovince,toldChengduBusinessDailyonMarch13thathefixes60to70sharedbicycleseverydayandthenumberoncerosetomorethan100.HiscolleagueYuYipingsaidthedamage,normallydividedintophysicaldamageandelectronicdamage,areusuallycausedbyfairwearandtearorpeople"sbadbehavior.Yuhasevenrepairedsharedbicyclesthathavebeenpulledoutofariver,burnt,orhadtheirlockspriedopen."Damagetosharedbicyclesareinevitablebecauseofthehighusagerate,butitiswrongtovandalizethem.Ihopeeveryonecanmakeproperuseofthemandcreatemoreconvenienceforothers,"Yusaid.BigData-Researchsaidthenumberofsharedbikeusersisexpectedtoreach50millionthisyear.Users"badbehaviorisstilldifficulttoregulateatpresent.当我穿上苗族服饰站在校门口迎接他们入学,小朋友会对我说“老师,您好漂亮”,我知道身上的苗族服饰吸引了他们。他批评称这样一个小国加入北约对美国的防御没什么作用。

作为世界最大造纸公司,美国国际纸业也扩大了短纤浆业务规模。深刻认识文物资源是提升国家文化软实力的突出优势。  从北京往首尔的飞机上,人确实不多,可以搭载300人的空客330,实际上最多也就是上座50%。

Currentlyonafour-nationtourofEurope,JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbeisseekingthesupportofEuropeancountriesinhisbidtogettheSouthChinaSeadisputesontheagendafortheG7summit,tobeheldinItalyinMay.GiventhatneitherJapannoranyEuropeancountriesaredirectlyinvolvedinthemaritimedisputesintheSouthChinaSea,Abeisshowinghisdesiretomeddleintheissueforhisownends.ThisisnotthefirsttimethatAbehastriedtohijacktheG7agendaandsoughttointernationalizetheSouthChinaSeadisputestoservehisulteriorpoliticalpurposes.AbehasbeenrelentlesslypushingtogetJapandeeplyinvolvedintheSouthChinaSeadisputestojustifyhiscountry"sbiggermilitarypresenceintheinternationalarena.DaysbeforeAbeembarkedonhisEuropeantour,itwasreportedthatJapanwilldispatchtheIzumo-classhelicoptercarrier,itslargestwarship,totheSouthChinaSea.The249-metervesselisduetomakestopsinSingapore,Indonesia,thePhilippinesandSriLankabeforeparticipatinginajointnavalexercisewithIndianandUSnavalvesselsintheIndianOceaninJuly.ThiswillbeJapan"sbiggestshowofnavalforceintheregionsinceWorldWarII.Foracountrythathasneversincerelyowneduptoitsmilitaristpast,suchanopenandhigh-profiledisplayofforceisitselfalarming,withoutmentioningitsintendedpurposeofmeddlinginthesovereigntydisputestowhichitisnotaparty.Japan"sinterferencecomesatatimewhentheSouthChinaSeadisputeshaveshownclearsignsofabatingthankstotherecenteffortsofthepartiesdirectlyinvolved,andwhenChinaisnegotiatingaframeworkforacodeofconductwithSoutheastAsiancountries,whichwillpavethewayforbuildingpeaceandstabilityinthewaters.Abe"smeddlingintheissue,atthisimportantstage,laysbarehisintentionofplayinguptheissueandcreatingtroubleforChina.Andhewillnodoubtwanttokeephypinguptheissuetodistracttheattentionofthoseathomefromthelandscandalinwhichheandhiswifehavebecomeembroiled.YetwhileitmaysuitAbetoplayuptheSouthChinaSeaissue,heshouldbeawarethemorehedoes,themorepeopleintheregionwillnotdeemJapantobearesponsiblecountry,animageJapanhastoestablishinthefirstplaceifitwantstobetreatedasanormalcountry.“双一流”建设成为继“211工程”和“985工程”之后,再次引发各大高校争抢人才的连锁反应,蔓延之势锐不可当。继续好了,说完了飞天咱们在来说说遁地!在的蒙巴萨就有这样一间遁地餐厅。

如今,这场梦很少出现了,取而代之的是她讲课的场景,以及那些在课堂上的童声、注视着她的眼睛。这表明,以实践为核心范畴的实践唯物主义并不是无的放矢的标新立异,而是对“现实的历史”的哲学概括,是对时代精神的理论升华。当时,哈里斯成为十多年来访问斯里兰卡的最高级别美国军官。

问:盖茨基金会在中国的战略重点是什么?您如何看待中国在全球发展和治理中的角色?答:盖茨基金会在中国的工作分为两个层面。民进中央指出,首先要打破封闭单一的师范教育体系,建立多元化的“4+1”或“4+2”教育专业硕士,乃至教育博士的师资养成新体制。在陈乐群同意后,安徽供货公司负责人邵某按照陈的授意,将送给陈的1.5万元茶水费(回扣)打入一个贺姓女子的银行账户。

此外,21世纪经济的特点使得多边、多方位的合作才是管理全球经济一体化更好的途径,而不是搞孤立主义。现在,特朗普上任才刚2个月左右,美国政府的现金余额只有340亿美元。2014年1月,田时瑀花了1850元购买了第一个赤道仪,他用这台赤道仪加上专业单反镜头拍到了第一张M42猎户座大星云。

”李杰说。1998年,大尾象在香港理工大学和瑞士伯尔尼美术馆各举办了一次呈现工作组整体面貌和新作的展览。CHANGSHA-Theworld"slongestandhighestglassbridge,inZhangjiajie,CentralChina"sHunanprovince,isscrappingtheentrancefeeforIsraelitouristsfortherestofthisyear.Themoveistocelebratethe25thanniversaryofdiplomatictiesbetweenChinaandIsraelandtopaytributetotheskywalk"sIsraelidesignerHaimDotan.IsraelicitizenscarryingtheirpassportsareentitledtoafreetripacrosstheglassbridgelocatedinZhangjiajieGrandCanyon,aswellastootherpartsofthearea,fromMarch21toDec31.Dotan,whoalsodesignedtheIsraeliPavillionattheWorldExpoinShanghaiin2010,saidhisworkinZhangjiajiewasinspiredbyChinesephilosopherLao-tzu.OpenedinlateAugust,the430-meterlong,six-meterwidebridgeispavedwith99panesofthree-layertransparentglassandhangsbetweentwosteepcliffs300metersabovetheground.Thebridgeset10worldrecordsforitsdesignandconstruction.

除此以外,运营商推出了哪些新的业务、品牌上有哪些新的动作,这些都不可能改变大的格局。在我个人看来,我还没有发现改用苹果服务能带来额外好处。Athousand-year-oldpagodainCentralChina"sHenanprovincehasstartedonitslargest-scalerenovationsince1949,saidlocalofficialsonTuesday.Thenine-storyoctangularpagoda,intheWuhuaTempleofYiyangcountyinLuoyangcity,stands37.2meterstallandfeaturescarvingsofbuddhasandgiants.AccordingtotheYiyangcountyannals,thepagodawasbuiltintheSongDynasty(960-1279),butsomeoftheconstructionmaterialsdatefromtheTangDynasty(618-907).Overtime,theotherpartsofthetemplecomplexweredestroyed,leavingjusttheWuhuaTemple.Thepagodahasalsotiltedoverthecenturies,leadinglocalstojokinglycallit"Luoyang"sTowerofPisa"."Duetothelackofrepair,itwasleaning,andsomeofthestonesweremissingorweatheredaway,"saidHuoXiaofeng,headoftheculturalrelicsmanagementofficeofYiyang."Theroofeavesespeciallywereseriouslydamaged."Therenovationisexpectedtobecompletedattheendoftheyear.

  ■趋势  5G投钱中国移动最积极  谁能先掌握新的技术、牌照、切入点,谁就很有可能奠定领先地位。  试飞员小组成立了,但是,训练用的飞机还没有,加油机还在生产线上。取消药品加成(不含中药饮片)和挂号费、诊疗费,设立医事服务费,下调大型设备检查项目价格……这份将于4月8日全面实施、涉及全市3600多家医疗机构的改革方案中,诸多医改新政引发舆论关注。

”然而对于有晚睡经历的戴晴和室友来说,早晨起床是件困难的事。不是以上所有人都需要Win10,但肯定是很多。这是文化领域中国科技、中国标准走向世界的重要标志,这句话是文化部长、党组书记雒树刚同志讲的,这是文化领域的中国科技、中国标准走向世界的重要标志,在国际电信联盟和国际"互联网+文化"的领域中发出了中国声音,为全球手机动漫产业提供了中国标准。

由于1946年至1964年间出生的婴儿潮一代日益衰老,纸尿裤市场有望实现快速增长。库里说:从2013年以来我每年都去中国,中国球迷对NBA、勇士队和对我的支持令人难以置信。往来车辆被艺术家的行为所堵截。

利用好手中现有的器材,哪怕你只有一个简单的双筒望远镜,到没有光害的地方去欣赏星空也足以令你着迷。台湾观光局透露,4月底将邀集岛内旅游业者赴釜山、大邱及首尔举办旅游推广会;6月参加首尔大型旅展,直接面对韩国消费者贩卖台湾旅游产品。最早的时候,看云识天是这种情况,现在伴随着科技的发展,我们不用看云了,可以通过数据预报的方式,每一种云它都结合了微物理过程,对我们理解整个云的过程或者是云的形成具有非常大的意义。

也有律师称通缉令“水分很大”,“许多人并非贪官”。休斯说:据我所知,这是以往历史上没有发生过的事情为中国学生编写的教科书将被一字一句翻译出来,销售给英国学校使用。对于维和,杜恒达说,这是大多数军人的梦想,但机会不是人人都有,只有抓住了才不会后悔。

近年来中国海军新型主战舰艇以“下饺子”的速度不断入列,张军社认为,这是装备更新换代,逐步提升装备水平。  消防兵是养兵千日,用兵千日。”李克强说,中华民族和犹太民族都是世界上伟大的民族,以色列是在科技创新的许多方面走在世界最前列。

若与大枣、龙眼肉搭配,效果更好。还有她的独子,一个从小就陪着张兰在餐厅打工的小北京。SeniorDigitalEditorJobDescription:1.Reviewcopyandcorrecterrorsincontent,grammar,andpunctuation,followingprescribededitorialstyleandformatguidelines.2.Ensurethatallcopy,includingheadlines,summariesandgraphics,aresharp,currentandultra-cleanacrossallonlineplatforms,fromtheChinaDailywebsitetomobileapps.3.Buildandmanageanefficienteditorialprocessincludingtime-lines,qualitycontrol,photos,illustrationslayout.4.KeepabreastofthelatestdevelopmentsinChinaandfocusonemergingorhottopics.5.Helpbuildaudienceandreach,includingdevelopingstrategiestobestsharecontentonsocialmedia.6.WorkwithChineseeditorsandreportersonresearching,reportingandcraftingarticleswithaneyetowardoverallwritingfluency.7.ParticipateinshapingthevisionforChinaDailyWebsiteoperationsinacreative,ambitiousandopenenvironment.

  知名营销经理人洪仕斌告诉记者:“联想已经错过了抢占运营商渠道的最佳时间。由于前期温度较高,大部分时段将以降雨为主,明后天,后续冷空气的到来将使降水相态逐步转为雨夹雪或降雪,京津冀一带部分地区有望见雪。  扶贫工作就像总书记指出的那样,好比绣花,要整体布局、细致谋划。

经过进一步侦查,专案组发现,2012年至2015年期间,深圳市东某某贸易有限公司等40余家企业,涉嫌利用其控制的50余个账户,先后为北京、深圳等地的千余家公司、企业非法支付结算人民币,并采取虚构贸易背景、提供虚假单证等手段实施骗购外汇,再转移至境外。如果朴槿惠没有问题,在野党、韩国国会、宪法法院、韩国检方不可能步调一致给朴槿惠过不去。2017-03-1614:06:12网上有这么一句特别能代表气象卫星带给我们的职能和担当,哪有什么岁月静好,不过是有人替你负重前行。

假期很快过去了,孩子们飞回了北京,她和老伴儿继续过着悠闲且单调的日子。因此,鸡蛋“遇上”西红柿,就能规避胆固醇高的弊端。另外,标准添加事件和动作交互响应特性支持,从而让我们的动漫内容不仅仅呈现为简单的翻页或者简单的视频播放,它可以丰富动漫内容的阅读体验,充分发挥我们现在智能手机越来越强大的交互性能,充分利用各类信息传感器满足当今和未来移动互联网用户日益增长的娱乐需求。

可在98年,转型投资的时候,张成莲几乎赔掉了所有家当。2017-03-1614:57:56我是经济日报的记者,我有两个问题想请教一下,第一个问题是今年世界气象日的主题是“观云识天”,刚才介绍到如今科技发展很快,我们拥有气象卫星等一系列先进的观测手段和设备,那想问一下现在“观云识天”还有那么重要吗?或者说今年为什么要把主题定在这个主题上?它的意义有哪些?依靠人眼来观云,在目前的天气预报业务中有多大作用?第二个问题是想请教一下当前依靠观云所得出的一些气侯变化结论,有没有具体成果?2017-03-1614:58:21今年的世界气象日的主题是“观云识天”,说明“观云识天”这个问题非常的重要,现在我们只是说“观云识天”的这个观云的方式在不断的发生变化,原来主要是靠人主观地去观测,通过肉眼观测,我们可以得到一个气象观测记录。@青年农大迅速转发了这封有理有据、很专业的信:眼神不好的、专业知识不过关的,还怎么在农业大学食堂吃饭。

  观看视频请戳这里AjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycan’tfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanization’sreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployees’rights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkers’innovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidents’basicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereform’sachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyu’sre-writefromCaiFang’sopinionarticlepublishedonPeople’sDaily.据悉,早在2010年,美国国防部高级研究项目局(DARPA)就启动了一个开发反潜无人器的研究项目,它能够在浅水区跟踪敌方潜艇的无人驾驶船。

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